Homologous series is defined as a family or group of structurally similar organic compounds all members of which contain the same functional group, show a gradation in physical and similarity in chemical properties and any two adjacent members of which differ by  -CH2 group. The numbering is done in such a way that the branched carbon atoms get the lowest possible value. Nucleophiles : A reagent that brings an electron pair is called nucleophile ie nucleus seeking e g -OH , -CN, Electrophiles: A reagent that takes away electron pair is called electrophile I e electron seeking e g C= O , R3C – X. Inductive Effect: The displacement of the electron along the chain of the carbon atoms due to presence of an atom or group  at the end of the chain. The longest chain of carbon atoms containing the functional groups is numbered in such a way that the functional group attached to the carbon atom gets the lowest possible number in the chain. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. download pdf organic chemistry special reaction part 5 simple notes Click on the links to Read & you can download individual Organic Chemistry Notes only in 2 Rs. » Organic chemistry deals with millions of compounds. Home Nomenclature is therefore very important. Distillation: This method is used to separate volatile liquids from non volatile liquids and liquids having sufficient difference in their boiling points. All essential topics links are given below. Fe in bio systems 8. main reason of existence of such large number of compounds. Cobalamines 6. The longest carbon chain in the molecule is identified. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY www.gneet.com e 1 Branches of chemistry Organic chemistry : This branch deals with study of compounds of carbon and its compounds with any number of other elements, including hydrogen (most compounds contain at least one carbon–hydrogen bond), nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus, silicon, and sulfur. DOWNLOAD ORGANIC CHEMISTRY NOTES PDF. This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. Use OCW to guide your own life-long learning, or to teach others. LEC # TOPICS LECTURERS HANDOUTS; 1. Concepts 4. The atoms or groups which shows -R effect are –COOH , -CHO , -CN. FUNCTIONAL GROUPS 30 2-1 Structural Formulas 30 2-2 The Sizes and Shapes of Organic Molecules. Link of our facebook page is given in sidebar. refix  Word root  Suffix. Ch 2: Structure of Atom. ), Alcohols and Phenols, Introduction to Catalysis, Alcohols and Phenols, Introduction to Catalysis (cont.). » Thus carbon is always tetracovalent, i.e. Functional groups:A functional group may be defined as an atom or a group of atoms present in a molecule which largely determines the chemical properties. The IUPAC name consists of three parts: Alkyl Halides, Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions, Alkyl Halides, Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions (cont. e  g, CH3 – CH2 – OH              So, "Stop Writing, We've Already Taken Your Notes." Crystallisation: This method is based on the difference in the solubilities of compound and impurities in a suitable solvent. 3.) Hard ions: Na +, K , Mg2+, Ca2+ 5. valence electrons. 5.) Knowledge is your reward. There are two types of resonance effect: 1) Positive resonance effect : In this effect the transfer of electrons is away from an atom or substituent group attached to the conjugated system. Lecture handouts. There's no signup, and no start or end dates. The individual members of this group are called homologues and the phenomenon is called homology. d+++ d ++ d+ The lower number is given to the first in alphabetical order. Ch 7: Equilibrium. With more than 2,400 courses available, OCW is delivering on the promise of open sharing of knowledge. Resonance, Acidity and Basicity 4.) sublimable compounds. 2.) 1.) Metamerism:It is due to the presence of different alkyl groups on either side of functional group in the molecule. ), Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution, Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution (cont. Modify, remix, and reuse (just remember to cite OCW as the source. 2)  Negative resonance effect : In this effect the transfer of electrons is towards the  atom or substituent group attached to the conjugated system. Chemistry ), Learn more at Get Started with MIT OpenCourseWare, MIT OpenCourseWare makes the materials used in the teaching of almost all of MIT's subjects available on the Web, free of charge. e  g THE SHAPES OF MOLECULES. Chanteau, Stephanie H., and James M. Tour. The atomic number of Carbon is 6 and its electronic configuration is 2,4 i.e. HOW TO DO SYNTHESIS Nucleophiles and Electrophiles: The Basis of Organic Chemistry notes_01 Download Organic Chemistry Notes for immediate use. Differential Extraction: When an organic compound is present in an aqueous medium it is separated by shaking it with organic solvent in which it is more soluble than in water. Position Isomerism : Compounds which have the same structure of carbon chain but differ in position of double or triple bonds or functional group are called position isomers and this phenomenon is called Position Isomerism. C4H10O represents C2H5OC2H5   and CH3OC3H7. General aspects of bioinorganic chemistry 3. Download files for later. Ch 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure. Organic Chemistry : Some Basic Principles And Techniques Notes, Organic compounds are the hydrocarbons and their derivatives and organic chemistry is that branch of chemistry that deals with the study of these compounds, The atomic number of Carbon is 6 and its electronic configuration is 2,4 i.e. Ch 3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties. J Org Chem 68 (2003): 8750-8766. Ch 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry. What we will try to do is to introduce some of the important basic con- cepts and the elements of the language of organic chemistry, then show how these are used in connection with various classes of compounds. Download PDF of complete organic chemistry … Courses Outline 1. Lecture handouts. Chromatography :This technique is used to separate mixtures in to their components ,purify the compounds and test the purity of compounds.It is classified as, Please send your queries to ncerthelp@gmail.com you can aslo visit our facebook page to get quick help. it forms 4 covalent bonds with other atoms Due to tetravalency of carbon it has a tetrahedron shape. ), Alkyl Halides: Elimination Reactions, Aromaticity, Alkyl Halides: Elimination Reactions, Aromaticity (cont. Made for sharing. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. it has 4 Basic Concepts from Organic Chemistry (PDF 103p) This note covers the following topics: Aliphatic Compounds, Hydrocarbons, Alcohols, Aldehydes And Ketones, Acids, Esters, Ethers, Alkyl Halides And Other Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, Simple Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Cyclic Aliphatic Compounds, Mercaptans Or Thioalcohols, Aromatic Compounds, Hydrocarbons and Phenols. Distillation under reduced pressure : This method is used to purify liquids having high boiling points and decomposes at or below their boiling points. The carbon atom of the branch that attaches to the root alkane is numbered 1. Ex. Send to friends and colleagues. NH2. CH3 – O – CH3. Our Notes are Easy-to-Follow, Handwritten Chemistry Pdf Notes that Combine Your Book and Chemistry Notes into One, Simple, Easy-to-Understand Format. Homolytic Cleavage: In this cleavage the shared pair of electron goes with each of the bonded atom.

basic organic chemistry notes pdf

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