There’s actually a fourth: prepositions that take the genitive. But the genitive is still a vital part of German grammar--and it delights native speakers when non-native speakers use it correctly. The genitive case describes possession or ownership. These are: an (on, next to) auf (on) hinter (behind) in (in) neben (near, next to) über (over) unter (under) vor (in front of) zwischen (between) But these are rarer, and there are only a couple that are really important to know. The most common are statt and anstatt [instead of], trotz [in spite of], wegen [because of] and während [during]. Prepositions that take the genitive: A number of prepositions take a genitive object. There aren’t just three categories of prepositions. Instead, German speakers use the dative case and von. Instead of the genitive case, some of these prepositions used with the dative in colloquial speak, that is, it is limited to spoken German. ; This is important, since German language learners often mix up the prepositions "aus" and "von" and the prepositions "zu" and "nach. The following frequently-used prepositions require the use of the genitive case: (an)statt “instead of” Note: As in English, the meanings of the prepositions in German are quite flexible, and very important to know, since these little words come up all the time. Summary Chart. As a result, it is difficult to give English equivalents for a list like this. Using the wrong preposition, or getting the case wrong, is a key indicator of a non-native speaker, so learning German prepositions is a major step towards native competency. Here is a list of some common genitive prepositions. So here they are: Prepositions and the Genitive Case. German Prepositions That Take the Genitive. #4 The Genitive Case. In normal speech, German often use the dative after trotz and wegen. But you will come across (and have to use!) German Accusative Prepositions: Your Essential Guide. Each preposition causes the adverbial expression on which it acts to take the case of the preposition. the. In particular, you will learn and practice prepositions of place and the use of the prepositions "aus", "von", "nach" and "zu". You can learn more about cases in our lesson The 4 German Cases. Okay, I lied. As mentioned in this article about prepositions that take the genitive case, even here the dative seems to be replacing the genitive in everyday German. time. German prepositions. Many verbs require accusative case, however there is a set of verbs that always takes the dative case. that we use all. (an)statt (instead of) You won't hear the genitive case much in spoken language. There are also very few verbs in German that use genitive … The compromise used below is to give their primary meanings, and to write “etc.” where other meanings occur particularly often. ". genitive prepositions in written and formal language. This next set of exercises will help you properly learn and practice German prepositions. Similar to certain prepositions in German that require the use of either the accusative or the dative case of the following pronoun, other German prepositions require the use of the genitive case. In addition, the language’s case system means that it is essential for German learners to memorise whether each preposition is accusative, dative or two-way. Dative and Accusative Prepositions There are some prepositions in German language which can take dative or accusative depending on the situation. Apart from prepositions, even dative verbs and accusative verbs determine which case to use. While you’ll easily be understood, this is technically wrong. In German they are called "Wechselpräpositionen". in both English & German!. In formal writing, the genitive is still used, and it would be incorrect to substitute it with the dative. I like to refer to German prepositions in the genitive as well as the genitive case itself as the “dying case” since a lot of German native speakers (when speaking informally or in everyday conversations) use the dative instead. When you first start learning German, you realize fast that you can’t get far without learning prepositions.. Prepositions are little words such as with, for, against, to, on, over, under, in, behind, between, through, etc. German Prepositions in the Genitive. German has dative, accusative, genitive and two-way prepositions and postpositions. Genitive Prepositions.