Clinical Overview Use. The scientific name of ginger is Zingiber officinale. Dictionaries have defined the word as “wild foalsfoot” or “wild spikenard”, which may refer to the shape of the plant or its foliage. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. Common Name(s): Black ginger, Ginger, Ginger root, Zingiberis rhizoma. Scientific Name(s): Zingiber capitatum Smith., Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Ginger contains up to 3% of an essential oil that causes the fragrance of the spice. Canadense means “of Canada”, which has led to another common name for the plant: Canada Ginger. This plant belongs to the family Zingiberaceae which also includes turmeric (Curcuma longa), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal (Boesenbergia rotunda), also called Chinese ginger. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. "Spectabile" is derived from the Latin spectabilis, meaning 'visible' or 'spectacular'.. • Ginger Benefits in Acute Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea: In a double-blind, multicenter trial using placebo and various doses of ginger, results showed all doses of ginger significantly reduced acute nausea compared to placebo. The main constituents are sesquiterpenoids with (-)-zingiberene as the main component. Asarum is a Latin word whose original meaning is unknown. Lesser amounts of other sesquiterpenoids (β-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene and farnesene) and a small monoterpenoid fraction (β-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified. The scientific name of the species is Zingiber spectabile. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. Scientific name Asarum canadense is more unclear. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. Results suggest ginger supplementation at a daily dose of 0.5 g to 1.0 g significantly helps in reducing the severity of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. "Zingiber" is originally from a Sanskrit word that means "shaped like a horn" and refers to the horn-shaped leaves of most species of ginger. Name.