7). Note: In this publication the term “trunk” refers to the trunk or parent branch and “side branch” refers to the adjacent side branch arising from the trunk (parent branch). By removing apical dominance, heading stimulates regrowth near the cut. Types of tree pruning. Anvil-type pruners, on the other hand, tend to ruin stems during pruning. The scissor-type pruners though are more preferred because they make clean and close cuts as compared to the anvil-type. Arborists and tree surgeons tend to classify pruning according to where abouts in the crown branches are removed from. Types of Pruning Cuts. The direction in which the top remaining bud is pointing will determine the direction of new growth. Heading. Heading cuts stimulate growth of buds closest to the wound. By doing away with apical dominance, the heading cut will stimulate regrowth close to where it was made. Heading cuts are as well noted for been the most revitalizing pruning methods and result in thick and compact growth along with the loss of a tree’s natural form. Make heading cuts selectively to reduce shrub height and retain natural form. Each results in a different growth response and has specific uses. They are used to remove damaged, dead, or weak branches, reduce the length and weight of heavy limbs, or reduce the height of a tree. A thinning cut removes a branch at its point of origin on the trunk. Thinning and reduction cuts leave no stubs. "I want to emphasise the word 'clean'. 7a). For heading, you cut farther back on the shoot than you would for pinching. What ever type of pruning you are doing, you should remember that trees need their leaves in order to produce food - never remove more than 30% of the live foliage from a tree at once. There are two basic types of pruning cuts, heading and thinning (Fig. At right are three types of pruning cuts: pinching removes the terminal growth; heading removes part of the shoot; and thinning eliminates the entire shoot. Heading removes the terminal portion of shoots or limbs (Fig. There are two basic types of pruning cuts: heading cuts, and thinning cuts. Pruning is surgery," she says. In pruning, there are three primary types of pruning cuts, thinning cuts, reduction cuts, and heading cuts, each giving different results in growth and appearance. "Using clean tools is paramount. Anvil-type pruners, on the other hand, tend to ruin stems during pruning. This type of pruning technique eliminates the terminal part of shoots and branches. Sterilise tools between cuts, and most especially between trees by dropping into a … A reduction cut shortens a limb to a lateral branch large enough to resume the growth of the pruned limb (Figure 1). In most cases, the lateral bud has already grown a leaf, and you make the cut right above the leaf.