Prune by pinching the stems to remove the dead ones and encourage new growth. Botrytis - Tanned spots on the begonia foliage. Simply remove the old and withered blooms to encourage new growth. If it feels dry, then you need to water your plants. Choosing a pot to accommodate the plant’s mature size may even eliminate the need to repot. Some types have light-colored green leaves, and some have dark-colored bronze leaves. These plants only do well in temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit, so some gardeners grow them outside as annuals, planting them once all dangers of frost are gone. Acclimate your plants beforehand in order to reduce stress that might lead to leaf drop. Sprinkle seeds on well-draining, rich soil. Wax begonias require less care compared to other common annuals. You could additionally place a plastic bag over the plant to keep in the moisture while it is forming roots. Wax begonias are often thought of as a plant for shade, but most of today’s varieties grow well in full sun making this plant very versatile for gardens and landscaping. The ‘Ambassador Series’ begonia features a compact, early flowering mix of red, pink and white flowering plants. If you want more information on watering, read – How to Water Potted Plants and Keep them Happy. They need bright light to germinate. For instance, wax begonia with bronze foliage for example Begonia rex, tend to do better in full sun than those with green leaves (Tuberous begonias). Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Wax begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) are the best begonias for sun, heat and drought tolerance. Wax begonias, or fibrous begonias, are annual plants. If you are keeping your wax begonia inside, place the pot on top of a tray of pebbles. Water potted and hanging baskets wax begonias more often, because they usually dry out more quickly than those growing in the garden. Remove the bottom leaves about two inches from the bottom. Fibrous: This category includes cane begonia, wax begonia, angel-wing begonia, and other varieties. However, if you want to clean up your begonia a bit faster than nature does, or if you want to encourage the plant to produce more stems, then get into the deadheading habit. Tuberous begonias prefer more shade and less heat, so we often see them on display in late summer. Wax begonias can tolerate more sun than other types, and the ones with bronze-colored leaves are the most sun-tolerant of all. large bright window and gradually reduce the amount of light to help them adjust to an indoor environment. Whatever pot you choose, just be sure that it has drainage holes. Another thing to watch out for is getting water on the leaves. Deadheading is not required for your plant to thrive because wax leaf begonias are able to self-clean by dropping spent or faded flowers on their own. Well draining soil is a must. They are easy to grow and take care of - both indoor and outdoor. The bronze-leaved wax begonias are the begonia varieties most likely to thrive in hot sunlight without afternoon shade. Too much hot, direct sunlight can stress them. It’s worth noting that the most toxic portion of the plant is underground. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'hortzone_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_12',127,'0','0'])); You can also apply a well-rotted manure or aged compost mulching around the plants and achieve the same effect as a light feeding of fertilizer. Placing them on a heating mat may help them germinate as well. Popular and reliable, wax begonia thrive in sun or shade and perform well in landscape beds or containers. I’d love to know how it goes and if I’ve left out anything, let me know in the comments. If you’d like to try your hand at it, here’s how: 1. Just be sure to keep them away from drafts. Treat your begonia plants for insect pests or powdery mildew before placing them indoors by spraying or washing them gently with warm water and bleach free dish soap. How to Water Potted Plants and Keep them Happy, 31 Low Light Houseplants That You Shouldn’t Miss Out, Container Gardening: How to Improve Drainage in Potted Plants, Brown Tips on Spider Plants? eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'hortzone_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_2',125,'0','0'])); Always water your wax begonia by hand using a hose or watering can and if you must water from overhead, for example using a sprinkler, do it in the morning so the leaves can dry out before nightfall. This way the soil/mix will not become soggy and you will have improved on aeration. Be sure the cutting has a few nodes on it. The Begonia plant family is known to be toxic to animals, and ingesting them can lead to vomiting, salivation, or kidney failure in grazing animals. Wax begonias are a widely loved little plant. The evaporating water from the tray will help keep the area around your plant humid. Most begonias grow best in part shade (4 to 6 hours of direct morning sun a day), or filtered sun (as through trees). Begonias take a long time to germinate, so don’t give up. For example, bronze-colored leaves begonia are the most sun-tolerant of all. Keeping your wax begonia healthy and beautiful is a breeze. This process is called deadheading. They are grown as annuals or … When growing begonias, sun exposure requirements may cause confusion or accidental damage because different species thrive in varying levels of light or shade with some more tolerant than others. The begonia family includes many different varieties, and wax begonias have their own subset that have different growing conditions and offer unique features. Most will tolerate full shade (no direct or filtered sun), but won’t be as dense and usually have fewer flowers. Being native to Central and South America, these plants love warm humidity, and if they get enough of this they can be kept in the garden as perennials. The plant is "self-cleaning", meaning that the spent flowers tend to fall off by themselves and thus no “dead-heading is required. Bronze-leaf wax begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) are one of the few cultivars that prefer full sunlight. Giving them a dose of fertilizer monthly during their growing season will help encourage growth and blooming. 5. Caterpillars - Feed on plant leaves and stems, often at night. Feel the soil around the plant by inserting your finger just under the surface of the soil, about one-half to 1 inch deep. These plants need regular watering and enjoy soil that is continuously damp. Apply a copper based fungicide; ensure proper spacing and good air circulation for prevention. You’ve also learned how to correctly water your begonia, provide enough sunlight, select appropriate potting mix, protect them from frost, and manage pests as soon as you notice them. Depending on where you live and what temperatures you experience, your wax begonia may want full sun or partial shade. Thrips - Feed on the upper surface of leaves leaving them silvery looking. All through the season this plant keeps on blooming, displaying its white, red and pink beautiful flowers. Consistent soil moisture is important, especially … They are deer resistant and only require deadheading and the occasional pruning to keep them beautiful. Alternatively, you can skip steps three and four by simply placing your cutting into a jar of water and waiting until roots appear. Once they get their first set of true leaves, you can transplant your baby wax begonias to their own containers and harden them off before planting them up outside. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Apply mulch around the roots throughout the growing season to help lock in moisture. They are tender to the cold, so should be planted in the spring, after the danger of frost has passed. Once the roots are about an inch or so long, transfer your cutting to dirt, and you’ve got a new little plant. Editor's Note: This post was originally published on July 21, 2019 and has been revamped and updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Bronze-leaf wax begonias (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) are one of the few cultivars that prefer full sunlight. You’ve just read about wax begonia care and how to ensure your plant thrive rather than survive. Some species are commonly grown indoors as ornamental houseplants in cooler climates. As stated, wax begonias don't just make great additions to your outdoor garden. Bury the cut end around two inches into well-draining soil and keep the soil moist. About 12 weeks before the last frost, start your seeds indoors. These brightly colored bedding begonias are equally at home in full sun (except where temperatures stay above 90 degrees Fahrenheit for days on end) or full but bright shade (where trees are pruned high). This enables your plant to produce new leaves from the base of the cane. Wax Begonia is a plant you would appreciate a lot in a shade garden. They make lovely container plants that can be kept indoors. Patience is key here. Avoid heavy clay soil as it retards root growth and starves the plant of oxygen, which can lead to root diseases.